The Great Compromise: An Agreement About How to Represent the States in Congress
The Great Compromise was a significant agreement reached during the Constitutional Convention of 1787 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This agreement was critical as it helped to resolve a heated debate between the large and small states on how to represent themselves in Congress.
At the time, the smaller states such as Delaware, New Jersey, and Rhode Island were concerned that they would be overshadowed by the more populous states such as Virginia, Pennsylvania, and New York. They argued that representation in Congress should be based on an equal number of representatives per state, regardless of their population. However, the larger states favored a proportional representation system that would provide them with more seats in Congress based on their larger population.
After several weeks of intense debate, a compromise was reached that satisfied both the large and small states. The Great Compromise, also known as the Connecticut Compromise, created a two-house system with one house, the House of Representatives, based on proportional representation and the other, the Senate, based on equal representation.
The House of Representatives would have seats allocated based on a state’s population, with the larger states receiving more seats than the smaller states. The Senate, on the other hand, would have two senators from each state, regardless of its size.
This compromise ensured that the smaller states were not overshadowed in Congress and could have an equal voice in the government. It also ensured that the larger states had a say in the political process based on their larger population.
The Great Compromise was a crucial agreement that helped to shape the United States government and paved the way for the drafting of the Constitution. Without this compromise, it is unlikely that the Constitution would have been adopted, and the United States may not exist as we know it today.
In conclusion, the Great Compromise was an agreement about how to represent the states in Congress. It was a critical turning point in American history that helped to shape the country`s political structure and ensure that all states had a voice in the government, regardless of their size or population.