Paris Agreement 197 Parties

The Paris Agreement: A Historic Agreement with 197 Parties

The Paris Agreement is a landmark international treaty adopted in 2015 by 197 countries. Its goal is to achieve a global effort to limit the rise of the Earth`s temperature to below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, thereby avoiding the worst impacts of climate change.

The Paris Agreement is a culmination of decades of negotiations and represents a historic moment in the fight against climate change. It is the first-ever universal, legally binding agreement that sets out a framework for all countries to take action to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.

The Paris Agreement is based on the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, meaning that the developed countries, which have historically emitted the most greenhouse gases, have a greater responsibility to take action to reduce their emissions. At the same time, developing countries are also required to take action to reduce their emissions, but they are allowed to do so at a slower pace to support their economic development.

Under the Paris Agreement, all countries are required to submit their own nationally determined contributions (NDCs) outlining their plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. These NDCs are then reviewed every five years to ensure that they are ambitious enough to meet the goals of the agreement.

The Paris Agreement has already seen tremendous progress. Since its adoption in 2015, countries have submitted their NDCs, and many have taken significant steps to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, the agreement has also helped to mobilize unprecedented levels of financial and technological support for developing countries to transition to low-carbon economies.

Despite this progress, much more needs to be done. According to recent research, the world is still on track to warm by more than 3 degrees Celsius by the end of this century. This would have devastating impacts on the planet, including more frequent and intense heat waves, more severe storms, and rising sea levels.

To achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement, countries must continue to work together to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and transition to low-carbon economies. This will require unprecedented levels of international cooperation, financial support, and technological innovation.

In conclusion, the Paris Agreement is a historic agreement with 197 parties that represents a critical step forward in the global effort to combat climate change. While much more needs to be done, the progress made to date demonstrates that with collective effort, we can successfully tackle one of the greatest challenges of our time.